AFFIRM Caregiver

AFFIRM Caregiver is a 7-session intervention that increases the knowledge and skills of parents and caregivers of LGTBQ+ children and youth move from rejection to affirmation.

Last reviewed: 2023

Intended Outcomes:

  • Educate caregivers about youths sexual orientation, gender identities and expressions
  • Help caregivers understand the impact of anti-LGTBQ+ discrimination on youth and helps them move from rejection to affirmation
  • Foster the development of affirmative parenting practices, including compassionate parentings

Continuum of Care:
Universal Prevention

Topic Areas:
Anxiety, Behavioral Health/Mental Health, Depression, Physical Health, Suicide

Adult (25+), Childhood (4-12), Teen/Adolescent (13-18), Young Adult (19-24)

Geographic Locations:
Rural, Urban

Delivery Settings:
Community-Based, Virtual

Cultural Considerations:
No research found involving diverse populations

AFFIRM Caregiver is designed to work with all caregivers of LGBTQ+ children and youth. This includes biological and adoptive parents, kinship/family members of origin, chosen family, foster/resource parents, and all other people who parent and support LGBTQ+ young people.

AFFIRM Caregiver is typically delivered by trained and certified counselors, social workers, and other mental health professionals in a group-based format. The seven modules are designed for flexible implementation with all populations, making them easy to integrate into existing service settings (e.g., into existing counseling groups or parenting programs).


Is Training Required?
Yes, see developer info

Who can provide the required training?
Please visit the following website for more information on training:

Program Costs (materials, training, etc.):
Yes, refer to program website

Program/Practice Website:

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research:

Austin, A., Craig, S. L., Matarese, M., Greeno, E. J., Weeks, A., & Betsinger, S. A. (2021). Preliminary effectiveness of an LGBTQ+ affirmative parenting intervention with foster parents. Children and Youth Services Review, 127, 106107.

Additional Sources:

Unable to be Rated

WV Rating:
Unable to Be Rated
»WV Ratings Info

Rationale for Rating:

Currently, there is not enough research to appropriately rate this program.

Contraindications or Concerns:
Not enough information found to make an appropriate recommendation.

Other Registries/Ratings

The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare:
Not On Registry

Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development:
Not On Registry

Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness:
Not On Registry

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Model Programs Guide:
Not On Registry

Washington State Institute for Public Policy:
Not On Registry