Anxiety is the mind and body’s reaction to stressful, dangerous, or unfamiliar situations – distress or uneasiness of mind caused by fear of danger or misfortune.

Behavioral Health/Mental Health
Behavioral health care refers to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mental health and substance use disorders, life stressors and crises, and stress-related physical symptoms.

A community-based program takes place in the context of community.  These programs bring various concepts to community settings. 

Congregate Care Facility
Congregate care is a placement setting that consists of 24-hour supervision for children in highly structured settings such as group homes, residential treatment facilities, or maternity homes.

Cost-Benefit Analysis
A cost/benefit analysis is a process that involves weighing the outcomes of a program versus the costs.  The benefit of a cost/benefit analysis is that agencies are able to determine whether the costs of a program outweigh the benefits or vice versa. 

Youth who come in contact with the juvenile justice system for committing a status offense or a delinquent act.

Co-Occurring Disorders
Co-occurring disorders happen when an individual struggles with both a substance use disorder and a mental illness. 

Depression is characterized by persistent sadness and a lack of interest or pleasure in previously rewarding or enjoyable activities.

Disruptive Behaviors
Disruptive behaviors include behaviors such as temper tantrums, physical aggression, excessive argumentativeness, stealing and other forms of defiance or resistance to authority.  

Eating Disorders
A condition characterized by abnormal or irregular eating habits.

Evidence-Based Practice
Evidence-based practice incorporates the best scientific evidence, clinical expertise, and the participant’s values, preferences, and feedback.

Experimental Research
A researcher working within this methodology creates an environment in which to observe and interpret the results of a research question. A key element in experimental research is that participants in a study are randomly assigned to groups. In an attempt to create a causal model (i.e., to discover the causal origin of a particular phenomenon), groups are treated differently and measurements are conducted to determine if different treatments appear to lead to different effects. 

Indicated prevention interventions target individuals who are already using or engaged in other high-risk behaviors in order to prevent heavy or chronic use. 

Intellectual Disability
A disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 22.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and all others.

An analysis combining the results of several studies that address a set of related hypotheses.

A way of doing something that can be replicated.

Peer Reviewed
The process in which the author of a book, article, or other type of publication submits his or her work to experts in the field for critical evaluation, usually prior to publication. This is standard procedure in publishing scholarly research.

Persons Experiencing Homelessness
The Department of Housing and Urban Development defines homelessness as living in a shelter or other temporary homeless-serving program or as sleeping in a place not intended for human habitation, such as the street a transportation hub, or a car.

Physical Health
Physical health is the well-being of the body and the proper functioning of the organism of individuals, which is a normal condition for individuals of both physical, and mental condition who are not suffering from any type of sickness.

Pregnant and Parenting Women
Pregnant and parenting women are defined as women who are living in the period between conception to childbirth and women who are actively parenting children.

Strategies delivered prior to the onset of a disorder, these interventions are intended to prevent or reduce the risk of developing a behavioral health issue, such as substance use disorders, problem gambling, or eating disorders. These strategies seek to reduce risk factors and build protective factors.

These strategies are designed to create environments and conditions that support behavioral health and the ability of individuals to withstand challenges. Promotion strategies also reinforce the entire continuum of behavioral health. 

Similar to true experiments. Has subjects, treatment, etc., but uses nonrandomized groups. Incorporates interpretation and transferability in order to compensate for a lack of control of variables. In other words, it includes all characteristics of a true experiment but has no component of random assignment.

Randomized Control Trial (RCT)
A quantitative study where participants are allocated at random to receive one of several clinical interventions to compare and obtain a measurable outcome.

These services support individuals’ compliance with long-term treatment and aftercare.

All people, housing, and territory that are not located within an urban area.

Programs that take place partly or exclusively at school.

Selective prevention interventions target individuals at higher-than-average risk for substance misuse.

Serious Emotional Disturbances (SED)
Persons who are under the age of 18, who have had a diagnosable mental, behavioral or emotional disorder of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic criteria specified within Diagnostic Statistical Manual-V (DSM-V), that resulted in functional impairment which substantially interferes with or limits the child’s role or functioning in family, school or community activities.

Serious Mental Illness (SMI)
A mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder resulting in serious functional impairment, which substantially interferes with or limits one or more major life activities. The burden of mental illnesses is particularly concentrated among those who experience disability due to SMI.

Substance Use
A substance use disorder (SUD), also known as a drug use disorder, is a medical condition in which the use of one or more substances leads to a clinically significant impairment or distress.

The action of killing oneself intentionally.

Trauma results from exposure to an incident or series of events that are emotionally disturbing or life-threatening, with lasting adverse effects on the individual’s functioning and mental, physical, social, emotional, and/or spiritual well-being. During a traumatic event, a person often responds with intense fear, helplessness or horror. 

These services are for people diagnosed with a substance use disorder or other behavioral health disorder.

Universal prevention interventions target the general population. 

Refers to towns, cities, and suburbs. An urban area includes the city itself, as well as the surrounding areas.

Experiences that take place via a phone, an app or a video chat.