Triple P – Positive Parenting Program® – Level 3

The Triple P – Positive Parenting Program ® is a parenting and family support system designed to help children to realise their potential. Triple P is designed to be with parents on every step of their journey, providing help and guidance to families when they need it. It aims to create supportive family environments, and to prevent, as well as treat, behavioral and emotional problems in children and teenagers.

Level 3 is a targeted counseling for parents of a child with mild to moderate behavioral difficulties. It is available for parents of children from birth to 12 years and for parents of teenagers. Level 3 interventions deal with a specific problem behavior or issue.

Last reviewed: 2023

Intended Outcomes:

  • Prevent development, or worsening, of severe behavioral, emotional and developmental problems in children and adolescents by enhancing the knowledge, skills, and confidence of parents
  • Increase parents' competence in promoting healthy development and managing common behavior problems and developmental issues
  • Reduce parents' use of coercive and punitive methods of disciplining children
  • Increase parents' use of positive parenting strategies in managing their children's behavior
  • Increase parental confidence in raising their children
  • Decrease child behavior problems (for families experiencing difficult child behavior)
  • Improve parenting partners' communication about parenting issues
  • Reduce parenting stress associated with raising children

Continuum of Care:

Topic Areas:
Anxiety, Behavioral Health/Mental Health, Depression, Disruptive Behaviors

Childhood (4-12), Early Childhood (0-3), Teen/Adolescent (13-18)

Geographic Locations:
Rural, Urban

Delivery Settings:
Community-Based, Congregate Care Facility

Cultural Considerations:
Significant and well-articulated attention was given to disparities in outcomes

Level 3 is for parents of children from birth to 12 years and for parents of teenagers.

Practitioners come from a wide range of professions and disciplines and include family support workers, doctors, nurses, psychologists, counselors, teachers, teacher's aides, police officers, social workers, child safety officers and clergy.


Is Training Required?
Yes, see developer info

Who can provide the required training?
More information in regards to training can be found here:

Program Costs (materials, training, etc.):
Yes, refer to program website

Program/Practice Website:

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research:

Dittman, C. K., Farruggia, S. P., Keown, L. J., & Sanders, M. R. (2016). Dealing with disobedience: An evaluation of a brief parenting intervention for young children showing noncompliant behavior problems. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 47, 102-112.

Joachim, S., Sanders, M. R., & Turner, K. M. (2010). Reducing preschoolers’ disruptive behavior in public with a brief parent discussion group. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 41, 47-60.

Schappin, R., Wijnroks, L., Uniken Venema, M., Wijnberg-Williams, B., Veenstra, R., Koopman-Esseboom, C., … & Jongmans, M. (2013). Brief parenting intervention for parents of NICU graduates: a randomized, clinical trial of Primary Care Triple P. BMC pediatrics, 13(1), 1-9.

Additional Sources:

Promising rating

WV Rating:
»WV Ratings Info

Rationale for Rating:

Studies show some decrease in behavior problems and increase in effective parenting techniques. Additional research showing positive outcomes would be necessary to provide a higher rating.

Contraindications or Concerns:
None identified

Other Registries/Ratings

The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare:
Evidence Fails to Demonstrate Effect

Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development:
Not On Registry

Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness:
Not On Registry

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Model Programs Guide:
Not On Registry

Washington State Institute for Public Policy:
Not On Registry