SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness (PPW)

SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness (PPW) is a youth development program for prevention and health professionals and parents who want to prevent substance use and promote healthy lifestyle behaviors and positive identities of youth. SPORT stands for Substance Prevention Optimizing Resiliency Training. It can be implemented in any setting including school, community, health care, sports, recreation, juvenile justice, home, and others.

Last Reviewed: 2024

Intended Outcomes:

SPORT PPW is a substance use prevention program designed to increase health-enhancing behaviors including physical activity, sports participation, healthy eating, getting adequate sleep, and practicing stress control.

Continuum of Care:
Universal Prevention

Topic Areas:
Behavioral Health/Mental Health, Physical Health, Substance Use

Childhood (4-12), Teen/Adolescent (13-18)

Geographic Locations:
Rural, Urban

Delivery Settings:
Community-Based, Congregate Care Facility, School-Based

Cultural Considerations:
A balanced amount of the research involved diverse populations

This program is for youth who are 8 to 18 years old.

The program is implemented by prevention and health specialists, teachers, coaches and youth peer leaders.


Is Training Required?
Yes, see developer info

Who can provide the required training?
Prevention Plus Wellness (PPW) Online Self-Paced Program Implementer Training is designed to give participants the knowledge, confidence and skills to provide PPW programs with quality, fidelity and effectiveness. More information can be found here:

Program Costs (materials, training, etc.):
Yes, refer to program website

Program/Practice Website:

Relevant Published, Peer-Reviewed Research:

Werch, C., Moore, M., Owen, D. M., Jobli, E., Bledsoe, R., & DiClemente, C. C. (2003). A sport-based intervention for preventing alcohol use and promoting physical activity among adolescents. Journal of School Health, 73(10), 380–388.
Werch, C. (Chad), Moore, M. J., DiClemente, C. C., Bledsoe, R., & Jobli, E. (2005). A Multihealth Behavior Intervention Integrating Physical Activity and Substance Use Prevention for Adolescents. Prevention Science, 6(3), 213–226.
Chad Werch, ChudleyE., Moore, M., & DiClemente, C. (2008). Brief Image-Based Health Behavior Messages for Adolescents and Their Parents. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 17(4), 19–40.
İlhan, N., & Yıldız, A. (2018). The effect of behavior-image model-based brief interventions on health behaviors in adolescents. Guncel Pediatri, 16(2), 55–71.
Type of research: pretest/ posttest control group design
Unable to be Rated

WV Rating:
Unable to Be Rated
»WV Ratings Info

Rationale for Rating:

Given the mixed outcomes in the recent study, a lack of peer reviewed studies, and the lack of studies conducted within the past 10 years, we cannot offer recommendation or rating for sport prevention plus wellness. There are too few studies (4) with all but one done by the developer and over 15 years old. The exception is the most recent study in 2018, done in Turkey. The 2018 study had "positive outcomes for physical activity, nutrition and health but no significant outcomes for interpersonal relation, positive life perspective, spiritual health, or stress management". There is also a noted focus on body image in the program.

Contraindications or Concerns:
None identified

Other Registries/Ratings

The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare:
Not On Registry

Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development:

Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness:

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Model Programs Guide:
Not On Registry

Washington State Institute for Public Policy:
Found on the registry. See link for more information.

Washington State Institute for Public Policy Registry Link: